Congo jungle: characteristics, flora, and fauna

The Congo Jungle is the second largest forested area on the planet after the Amazon. It is dominated by the forest in its purest state, and has emblematic species such as mountain gorillas, African elephants or pygmy chimpanzees.

If you want to know what animals are in the Congo Jungle, know its vegetation, and much more, continue reading this interesting Green Ecology article in which the characteristics of the Congo Jungle, its flora, and fauna will be explained.

Characteristics of the Congo Jungle

These are the main characteristics of the Congo Jungle :

  • The Congo Forest with 180 million hectares extends throughout the Central African region, it includes the countries of the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the south of the Central African Republic, and the southeast of Cameroon.
  • The climate of the Congo Jungle is tropical that is why when we talk about it it is classified as a tropical jungle. It is a humid climate, with an average maximum temperature of 30ºC and a minimum of 21ºC. Its annual rainfall is very abundant with an average of 1800 mm.
  • Due to the large amount of rain that falls in the area, the soil is characterized by being muddy.
  • The conservation status of the Congo Jungle is vulnerable due to construction, poaching, and deforestation. That is why, according to the Global 200 list published by WWF, it appears as a priority conservation ecoregion.
  • This jungle is of great importance since it provides a large number of goods and services, it has great value for the world economy, since it acts as a great store of food, wood, or mineral, in addition to contributing to the regulation of the climate.
  • There are small populations inhabiting the Jungle of the Congo, is located mainly in the main rivers. One of the native populations of this African jungle is the Pygmies.
  • It has a very rich and diverse flora, its fauna is also very abundant and varied, presenting important populations that are cataloged in danger of extinction.

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